These lumps are oil producing (sebaceous) glands that have become blocked and enlarged, ranging from mosquito-bite-sized to an inch or two in diameter. They contain a whitish, greasy, paste like combination of oil, bacteria, and skin cells. Sebaceous cysts will sometimes open and ooze their contents on their own, or the material can be squeezed out, but usually they will simply fill up again over time. If a sebaceous cyst is particularly messy or in an area where it constantly becomes irritated, it can be surgically removed.
Many of our senior pups are no strangers to lumps and bumps. Sometimes a new growth can appear seemingly overnight. Other masses may be slow growing. Whether you just noticed it or know it has been lurking for awhile, lumps can be concerning. Understandably, you may worry what this bump could mean for your canine companion. But the good news is that not all masses are the cancerous kind!
You should always inform your vet about any new lumps you find. Doing so means your vet can perform additional testing to determine the type of mass. This can put your mind at ease. It can also help prevent a situation where something you think is a sebaceous cyst is actually a cancerous mass that needs to be addressed sooner rather than later.
Hi Carollemuiex,I am glad you are planning to have the lump evaluated by your vet. What you are describing sounds like a cyst, but there is a chance something more serious could be found in the deeper tissues under the ruptured area. I understand your concern with surgery. This is a common conversation with owners of senior dogs. Please know that age alone is not a risk factor for anesthesia. If your vet does recommend surgery, I am sure they will perform the necessary testing and lab work prior to the surgical event to make sure your dog is a good anesthesia candidate. Here are links to other articles with more information:1. Is My Dog Too Old for Surgery?2. Is My Dog Too Old For Anesthesia?
Hi Jodie,What you are describing sounds more like a mass rather than a cyst, but without examining your pup myself it is difficult to make conclusions. There are many types of tumors that could be in that location. Without an exam and aspirate or biopsy of the lump there is really no way to know if it truly is a mass and whether it is benign or malignant. I highly recommend you have your vet take a look at the lump and go from there. Best wishes!
Evaluation of skin conditions, including lumps, is a very common reason why pet owners sought veterinary care in 2017, according to Healthy Paws Pet Insurance. Here is a brief overview of 12 common canine lumps and bumps, so you can better understand what should concern you and what warrants a trip to the veterinarian.
A perianal adenoma is a common tumor related to the sebaceous (oil) glands surrounding the anus. These lumps are mostly seen in intact (unneutered) male dogs, although they have been found in spayed female dogs. A perianal adenoma is often slow growing and non-painful, but may ulcerate and become infected on its surface.
Soft tissue sarcomas are a large group of tumors that arise from connective tissue and are very invasive to surrounding tissues. They usually appear as a firm or semi-firm lump in the deep layer of skin, under the skin or within muscle. The lumps are often non-painful, have normal skin overlying them, and commonly develop on the legs, chest or abdominal wall. These skin tumors are common among middle-aged and older large breed dogs
A squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a locally invasive, cancerous skin tumor that develops from the primary cell type found in skin and mucous membranes. These tumors can be found in the mouth, skin or nail beds of dogs. The most common skin sites for SCC lumps are those areas that have less pigment, lack hair or have sparse hair. The canine skin form is associated with sunlight exposure and considered relatively slow growing. Dogs tend to be diagnosed with SCC when they are between 8 and 10 years old.
There are many other types and causes of lumps and bumps in dogs of all ages. If you find a mysterious lump, you should make an appointment with your veterinarian to have it evaluated. While it could ultimately be nothing to worry about, that harmless-looking mass could be a more serious problem. The good news is that early detection can lead to successful treatment.
If you notice your dog has crusty lesions on the edges of his ears, or on any part of his ear, he may have what is known as ear margin hyperkeratosis. This condition is characterized by thickening of the skin on his ears, excessive head shaking, and scaly or greasy plugs on the ear margins. Your veterinarian will be able to diagnose his condition by ruling out other possible conditions and by taking skin samples and examining them with the microscope. If your dog is diagnosed with ear margin hyperkeratosis, there is no cure but there are ways to manage it and keep your dog happy and comfortable.
Although it is unknown why pollen allergies are among the most common allergy in dogs, it is known that this allergy results in allergic dermatitis, which causes skin irritation, itchiness, rashes, redness, bumps, blisters, moist skin, abnormal odors, sores, and crusty scabs.
They are also a widespread kind of external parasite that causes a disorder called mange in dogs that produces the same skin conditions that fleas do, and sometimes to a much more severe extent, in which a dog can lose all or most of their hair and be covered in large amounts of crusty scabs.
In both dogs and cats, breast cancer can be detected by the pet owner during a relaxing session of tummy rubbing and scratching. Breast cancer starts as tiny, pinhead-size lumps anywhere along the chain of mammary glands found on the underside of the chest and abdomen of your male or female dog or cat (although it is rare in males). Once the tumors reach the size of raisins, they can often be felt as somewhat soft to firm lumps or masses. Any lumps or masses in the mammary area should be evaluated by your veterinarian.
From my veterinary perspective, the most common clinical sign of lymphoma in dogs is swollen lymph nodes. The easiest lymph nodes for owners to see and feel are just beneath the skin under the chin, in front of the shoulders and behind the knees. In a normal, healthy dog, lymph nodes are not detectable by the average owner. Lymph nodes affected by lymphoma, however, are an example of rapidly enlarging lumps that should be immediately evaluated by a veterinarian. Another key sign, although it is seen in less than half of dogs with lymphoma, is a metabolic change that results in an increase in both water consumption and urine output. Again, keep in mind that increased drinking and urinating can also be signs of diseases other than cancer and always warrant a visit to your veterinarian.
In dogs, the most common type of malignant skin cancer is a mast cell tumor. These tumors are superficial lumps that can be painful. They often swell, frequently bleed and then scab over, only to bleed again a few days later. They should not be squeezed by the owner, as squeezing can make them swell even more.
The most frequently diagnosed tumor of the bone in both dogs and cats is osteosarcoma or bone cancer. The clinical signs of any bone tumor include lameness and reluctance to put weight on a particular leg because the tumor makes it painful to walk on. If the tumor occurs in just the right location, you may be able to feel a hard lump or swelling on the bone, although be advised that these lumps can be extremely painful to the touch. An X-ray and biopsy will be necessary to confirm the diagnosis.
While not all tumors are cancerous, it can be difficult to tell as a pet parent what you should and shouldn't worry about. Your vet will be able to diagnose the specific kind of cancerous lump or bump on your dog.
While there is a risk that lumps and bumps, especially those that seem to shift and change on your pet's skin, are cancerous, there are also a number of other possible causes for lumps on your dog's skin.
Regardless though, if you detect a strange lump, even if there is not a noticeable change in it, you should bring it up at your next vet checkup for prompt diagnosis. A non-cancerous lump, called a skin growth, can include any of the following:
The best way to prevent your pup from developing diseases or infections as a result of lumps or bumps on their skin is by closely monitoring their skin to find and alert your vet to new or odd lumps and bumps.
If you notice strange lumps or bumps, contact your vet right away or bring it up at your pet's next routine checkup. Our Animal General vets are able to provide mass removal surgeries for any and all kinds of lumps and bumps in dogs.
If you've found a lump on your dog's back, you're probably hoping there's a natural treatment option. While natural treatment might be an option, the best course of action is to discuss it with your vet, as only they can properly diagnose the lumps. In some cases where inflammation and irritation are present, CBD is an option worth discussing with your vet. According to Frontiers in Veterinary Science, the endocannabinoid system (which we share with our dogs) plays a part in regulating pain and reducing inflammation. Our topical CBD soothing balm for dogs contains CBD and several all-natural anti-inflammatories and antibacterial ingredients, including shea butter, frankincense, and lavender. It can be taken in combination with CBD skin and coat chews or oil for a more complete impact on your dogs endocannabinoid system. While these natural options might be good for certain lumps on your dog's back, be sure to always go to your vet for diagnosis and advice on treatment.
As with humans, dogs also get cancer, particularly as they get older. However, it can be difficult to know if a lump or bump is a tumour, or if it is attributed to another health problem. Likewise, without medical attention, it can be difficult to determine if a lump is cancerous, or if it is benign. 2b1af7f3a8